CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources
The livestock sector faces an important challenge in the medium and long term since it must satisfy an increasing demand for animal products as a result of the increase in population and the world economy but safeguarding natural resources and at the same time minimizing the environmental contamination, especially the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions attributed to livestock husbandry. For Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), this becomes more relevant given the importance of the sector for the food security of rural communities, particularly for small-scale producers. In this manuscript, we address the main challenges of LAC in this context, from a global perspective that includes the demographic, economic, cultural, and environmental effects. The biggest global challenge for the LAC livestock sector for the coming decades is how to satisfy the growing human demand for animal protein in a sustainable way maintaining the food security of their communities. The efforts to achieve these goals require focusing on improving the efficiency of both animal husbandry and production systems. Therefore, it is necessary to implement technologies of sustainable intensification and it is urgent that those who make political decisions become aware of these issues.
Como citar: Gutiérrez-Gómez, C. (2021). The tension between global GHG emissions of animal source foods, sustainability, and food security in Latin America and the Caribbean. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 16(057). https://doi.org/10.1079/PAVSNNR202116057