Sexual Orientation and Participation in the Labor Force: Evidence from Chile and Uruguay


Feminist Economics
Autores COES:
Otros Autores: Brown, C.; Schmidt, L.

This is the first study that examines the association between sexual orientation and labor force participation in Chile and Uruguay. Using information on heads of households and their partners from recent census data, it applies a simple econometric methodology to measure the relationship of sexual orientation and labor participation, juxtaposing individuals who are part of straight and same-sex couples, while determining any difference in this association according to gender. The study finds that partnered gay men are up to 5.0 percentage points less likely to participate in the workforce compared to married straight men. In addition, lesbians are up to 32.7 percentage points more likely to participate in the labor force compared to married straight women. Trends between the two countries are similar, but the likelihood of participating in the labor force differs significantly. Conservatism in the cultural context and legal frameworks of each country arises as a possible explanation.

Como citar: Camila Brown, Dante Contreras & Luis Schmidt (2019) Sexual Orientation and Labor Force Participation: Findings from Chile and Uruguay, Feminist Economics, 25:2, 90-115