Being Oneself Through Time: Bases of Self-Continuity Across 55 Cultures


Self and Identity
Autores COES:
Otros Autores: Becker, M. ; Vignoles, V.; Owe, E.; Easterbrook, M.; Brown, R.; Smith, P.; Abuhamdeh, S.; Cendales Ayala, B.; Garðarsdóttir, R.; Torres, A.; Camino, L.; Harris Bond, M.; Nizharadze, G.; Amponsah, B.; Schweiger Gallo, I.; Prieto Gil, P.; Lorente Clemares, R.; Campara, G.; Espinosa, A.; Yuki, M.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, J.; Zinkeng, M.; Villamar, J.; Kusdil, E.; Ça?lar, S.; Regalia, C.; Manzi, C.; Brambilla, M.; Bourguignon, D.; Möller, B.; Fülöp, M.; Macapagal. M. E.; Pyszczynski, T.; Chobthamkit, P.; Gausel, N.; Kesebir, P.; Herman, G.; Courtois, M.; Harb, C.; Jalal, B.; Tatarko, A.; Aldhafri; S.; Kreuzbauer, R.; Koller, S.; Mekonnen, K. H.; Fischer, R.; Milfont, T.; Des Rosiers, S.; Jaafar, J. L.; Martin, M.; Baguma, P.; Ly, S.; Schwartz, S.; Gavreliuc, A.; Fritsche, I.; ; Didier, N.; Carrasco, D.; Lay, S.

Self-continuity – the sense that one’s past, present, and future are meaningfully connected – is considered a defining feature of personal identity. However, bases of self-continuity may depend on cultural beliefs about personhood. In multilevel analyses of data from 7287 adults from 55 cultural groups in 33 nations, we tested a new tripartite theoretical model of bases of self-continuity. As expected, perceptions of stability, sense of narrative, and associative links to one’s past each contributed to predicting the extent to which people derived a sense of self-continuity from different aspects of their identities. Ways of constructing self-continuity were moderated by cultural and individual differences in mutable (vs. immutable) personhood beliefs – the belief that human attributes are malleable. Individuals with lower mutability beliefs based self-continuity more on stability; members of cultures where mutability beliefs were higher based self-continuity more on narrative. Bases of self-continuity were also moderated by cultural variation in contextualized (vs. decontextualized) personhood beliefs, indicating a link to cultural individualism-collectivism. Our results illustrate the cultural flexibility of the motive for self-continuity.

Como citar: Becker, M., Vignoles, V., Owe, E., Easterbrook, M., Brown, R., Smith, P. … Lay, S. (2018) Being Oneself Through Time: Bases of Self-Continuity Across 55 Cultures. Self and Identity. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2017.1330222