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mayo 17, 2016

Social Policy Responses of the Chilean State to the Earthquake and Tsunami of 2010

Latin American Perspectives.

2016.

Authors

Kirsten Sehnbruch, Nurjk Agloni, Walter Imilan, and Claudia Sanhueza.

Abstract

Decades of neoliberal policy have left Chile with a skeletal state that administers social policy through targeting and outsourcing in public-private partnerships that lack coordination. The reconstruction after the 2010 earthquake and tsunami responded to the emergency largely according to these same principles. While official reports on the reconstruction effort show a state that is complying with its goals, evidence from fieldwork in the city of Constitución illustrates that this method is highly inadequate in the context of a natural disaster. Chile should establish a social policy structure for natural disasters that allows for a rapid response to a social emergency based on universal or near-universal allocation criteria.

Keywords

Chile, Earthquake and tsunami 2010, Public policy for disasters, Emergency, Reconstruction


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