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abril 11, 2017

Make the Economy Scream? Economic, Ideological and Social Determinants of Support for Salvador Allende in Chile

Journal of Latin American Studies

2017

Patricio Navia, Rodrigo Osorio

Abstract

With polling and municipal level data, we analyse the determinants of Salvador Allende’s presidential election victory in 1970 and the change in political and electoral support for his government (1970–3). Support for Allende is explained by ideology more than by social class, socio-demographic variables or the economic performance of the country. Allende won in 1970 as an opposition candidate when the outgoing Frei administration enjoyed high approval and the country was experiencing favourable economic conditions. In 1973, when Allende had 49.7% approval, ideology remained the strongest determinant of presidential approval. Economic variables and social class are less important in explaining electoral support for Allende and for his Popular Unity coalition.

Resumen

Con datos municipales y electorales, analizamos los determinantes de la victoria electoral presidencial de Salvador Allende en 1970 y la evolución del apoyo político y electoral para su gobierno (1970–3). El apoyo a Allende se explica más por ideología que por clase social, variables sociodemográficas o el desempeño económico del país. Allende ganó en 1970 como un candidato de oposición cuando la administración saliente de Frei disfrutaba de alta aprobación y el país experimentaba condiciones económicas favorables. En 1973, cuando Allende tenía el 49,7 por ciento de aprobación, la ideología seguía siendo el determinante más fuerte para el apoyo presidencial. Las variables económicas y de clase social son menos importantes para explicar el apoyo electoral para Allende y su coalición de la Unidad Popular.

Palabras clave

chile, determinants of vote intention, Popular Unity, government, presidential approval, Salvador Allende

Como Citar

(Online First)

Navia, P., Osorio, R. (2017). Make the Economy Scream? Economic, Ideological and Social Determinants of Support for Salvador Allende in Chile, 1970–3. Journal of Latin American Studies, 1-27. doi: 10.1017/S0022216X17000037


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